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Why Are My Gums Swollen?

Why Are My Gums Swollen?
Laughlin Dental
Hello, Pasadena! At Laughlin Dental, we're not just about teeth. We're about building lasting relationships with every patient who walks through our doors. Led by Dr. Lloyd Laughlin, our practice is dedicated to providing judgment-free, quality dental care that's accessible to everyone.
BY Laughlin Dental

Do you find yourself wondering, “Why are my gums swollen?” Only your dentist can accurately diagnose the cause of your gum swelling. However, one of the most common reasons for this problem is gum disease. Gum disease is an inflammation of your gum line that affects your bone, gums, and teeth through three stages.

For your best oral health and to stop your gum swelling, see your dentist. If your gum swelling is new, you possibly suffer from gingivitis. This early stage of gum disease is often treatable. Left uncared for, it progresses to periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.

Why Are My Gums Swollen?

Many people ask this question about their swollen gums because gum disease is painless. You tend to notice swelling without feeling any effects of your condition. Common symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Swollen, tender, red, or bleeding gums
  • Gums pulling away from your tooth
  • Ongoing bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Visible puss surrounding teeth and gums
Visit Your Dentist for Diagnosis and Treatment

Schedule an appointment with your dentist today. While you wait for your scheduled visit, consider what possibly causes your swollen gums.

Common causes include:


Gum disease is the leading cause of swollen or changing gums. While the changes may become subtle, over time they’ll become more apparent. However, by this time the damage could be more severe.


Medication changes or beginning new medications often affects your dental health. Changes can include reduced saliva flow and swollen gums. A dry mouth can quickly lead to tooth decay and gingivitis. For this reason, be sure to tell your dentist about medication changes to keep your teeth healthy and strong.


Changing your toothpaste, toothbrush, or oral rinse can cause reactions or allergies. Consider whether you made such changes. If your gums feel painful or irritated, switch brands while you wait for your dental appointment.


Having a Vitamin C deficiency causes inflamed gums for some. To combat this, try eating more fruits and vegetables.

Because so many possible causes of swollen gums exist, you need your dentist’s advice. This is the best way to know what is causing your problem and how to fix it.